Showing posts with label configuration. Show all posts
Showing posts with label configuration. Show all posts

May 1, 2014

Most (if not all) web sites will have a default start page for example, default.aspx, index.aspx, home.aspx, etc. The default start page kicks in when someone goes to a url that does not refer to the page (no file extension) but possibly to a folder - for example, or . Without the default page, the user will be shown or not shown the directory listing page depending on the IIS configuration. For security reasons, it's better not to show end users the directory listing page. I once saw an application with directory listing that was showing the log folder and files.

January 5, 2014

I recently deployed a site and faced a strange error where the website was failing to connect to Sql Server database. It was giving the error - cannot connect via NTAuthority login. This was strange as I had the username and password for the sql database specified in the connection string. Here's is how it looked like.

November 21, 2010

The FileUpload control allows a user to browse and upload files to the web server. From developers perspective, it is as simple as dragging and dropping the FileUpload control to the aspx page. An extra control, like a Button control, or some other control is needed, to actually save the file.

aspx page
  1. <asp:FileUpload ID="FileUpload1" runat="server" />
  2. <asp:Button ID="B1" runat="server" Text="Save" OnClick="B1_Click" />

By default, the FileUpload control allows a maximum of 4MB file to be uploaded and the execution timeout is 110 seconds. These properties can be changed from within the web.config file’s httpRuntime section. The maxRequestLength property determines the maximum file size that can be uploaded. The executionTimeout property determines the maximum time for execution.

web.config file
  1. <httpRuntime maxRequestLength="8192" executionTimeout="220"/>

From code behind, the mime type, size of the file, file name and the extension of the file can be obtained. The maximum file size that can be uploaded can be obtained and modified using the System.Web.Configuration.HttpRuntimeSection class.

Files can be alternatively saved using the System.IO.HttpFileCollection class. This collection class can be populated using the Request.Files property. The collection contains HttpPostedFile class which contains a reference to the class.

Code behind
  1. using System;
  2. using System.Collections.Generic;
  3. using System.Linq;
  4. using System.Web;
  5. using System.Web.UI;
  6. using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
  7. using System.IO;
  8. using System.Configuration;
  9. using System.Web.Configuration;
  11. namespace WebApplication1
  12. {
  13.     public partial class WebControls : System.Web.UI.Page
  14.     {
  15.         protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
  16.         {
  17.         }
  19.         //Using FileUpload control to upload and save files
  20.         protected void B1_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
  21.         {
  22.             if (FileUpload1.HasFile && FileUpload1.PostedFile.ContentLength > 0)
  23.             {
  24.                 //mime type of the uploaded file
  25.                 string mimeType = FileUpload1.PostedFile.ContentType;
  27.                 //size of the uploaded file
  28.                 int size = FileUpload1.PostedFile.ContentLength; // bytes
  30.                 //extension of the uploaded file
  31.                 string extension = System.IO.Path.GetExtension(FileUpload1.FileName);
  33.                 //save file
  34.                 string path = Server.MapPath("path");                
  35.                 FileUpload1.SaveAs(path + FileUpload1.FileName);
  37.             }
  38.             //maximum file size allowed
  39.             HttpRuntimeSection rt = new HttpRuntimeSection();
  40.             rt.MaxRequestLength = rt.MaxRequestLength * 2;
  41.             int length = rt.MaxRequestLength;
  43.             //execution timeout
  44.             TimeSpan ts = rt.ExecutionTimeout;
  45.             double secomds = ts.TotalSeconds;
  47.         }
  49.         //Using Request.Files to save files
  50.         private void AltSaveFile()
  51.         {
  52.             HttpFileCollection coll = Request.Files;
  53.             for (int i = 0; i < coll.Count; i++)
  54.             {
  55.                 HttpPostedFile file = coll[i];
  57.                 if (file.ContentLength > 0)
  58.                     ;//do something
  59.             }
  60.         }
  61.     }
  62. }

November 15, 2010

Http handlers in implement the System.Web.IHTTPHandler interface and provides low level Request and Response API to respond to the incoming Http requests. Using this method, we can setup a different file extension instead of .aspx to handle the request.

In this example, I will create a simple handler and use .example as the extension to call the page. First, I will add a class that implements the IHTTPHandler class as below.

Code Snippet
  1. using System;
  2. using System.Collections.Generic;
  3. using System.Linq;
  4. using System.Web;
  5. using System.Text;
  7. namespace WebApplication1
  8. {
  9.     public class CustomHandler : IHttpHandler
  10.     {
  11.         public bool IsReusable
  12.         {
  13.             get { return false; }
  14.         }
  16.         public void ProcessRequest(HttpContext context)
  17.         {
  18.             HttpRequest request = context.Request;
  19.             HttpResponse response = context.Response;
  20.             response.Write(Html());
  21.         }
  23.         public string Html()
  24.         {
  25.             StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
  26.             sb.Append("<html><head><title>Custom Handler</title></head>");
  27.             sb.Append("<body>Test page to demonstrate custom handler</body></html>");
  28.             return sb.ToString();        
  29.         }
  30.     }
  31. }


The IsReusable() and ProcessRequest(HttpContext context) methods need to be implemented as part of implementing the interface. The HttpContext class contains reference to the Request and Response objects. To send custom html as the response, another method Html() is written that return some html content as string.

To be able to use this code and use .example as the file extension, the <system.web> section of web.config file needs to be updated. The code is shown below.

Code Snippet
  1. <httpHandlers>
  2.   <add verb="*" path="*.example" type="WebApplication1.CustomHandler"/>
  3. </httpHandlers>

When any page with file name, for example, example.example is called on the browser, custom html is returned as defined in  ProcessRequest method in CustomHandler class.

Reference: Shahed Kazi at